18-22 October 2021
Matsue, Shimane Prefecture, Japan
Asia/Tokyo timezone

Can the EIC ${}^3\text{He}$ beam polarization be precisely measured by HJET?

21 Oct 2021, 07:00
Room 305-306 (Kunibiki Messe)

Room 305-306

Kunibiki Messe

Parallel Session keynote talk (by invitation only) Acceleration, Storage and Polarimetry of polarized Beams Acceleration, Storage and Polarimetry of polarized Beams


Dr Andrei Poblaguev (Brookhaven National Laboratory)


The requirements to hadron polarimetry at future Electron Ion Collider (EIC) include measurements of the absolute helion (${}^3\text{He}$, $h$) beam polarization with systematic uncertainties better than $\sigma^\text{syst}_P/P\le1\%$. Here, we consider a possibility to utilize the Polarized Atomic Hydrogen Gas Jet Target (HJET) for precision measurement of polarization of the $\sim100\,\text{GeV/n}$ helion beam.

Since 2005, HJET serves to determine absolute proton beam polarization at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider with accuracy $\delta^\text{syst}P/P\sim0.5\%$. Concurrent measurement of the beam and target (the jet) spin correlated asymmetries allows one to relate the beam polarization $P_\text{beam}\!=\!P_\text{jet}\,a_\text{beam}/a_\text{jet}$ to the well known jet polarization $P_\text{jet}\!\sim\!96\pm0.1\%$. Thus, the proton beam polarization can be measured with actually no knowledge of the proton-proton analyzing power $A_\text{N}^{pp}(t)$.

To adapt the method for the EIC helion beam, it is necessary to know the ratio of $p^\uparrow{h}$ and $h^\uparrow{p}$ analyzing powers $A_\text{N}^{ph}/A_\text{N}^{hp}$, which depends on the corresponding hadronic spin-flip amplitudes $r_5^{ph}$ and $r_5^{hp}$. A prospect to derive these amplutudes from the proton-proton one, $r_5^{pp}$, measured at HJET will be discussed.

Potentially, results the ${}^3\text{He}$ beam polarization measurement can be affected by the helion breakup in the scattering. However, since only low energy recoil protons are detected at HJET, the breakup component in the acquired data is expected to be strongly suppressed. To figure out identification of the breakup events in the ${}^3\text{He}$ beam measurement at EIC and to evaluate elastic data contamination by such events, the HJET experimental data obtained with $\sim10\,\text{GeV}$ gold and deuteron beams was analyzed.

Primary author

Dr Andrei Poblaguev (Brookhaven National Laboratory)

Presentation Materials