18-22 October 2021
Matsue, Shimane Prefecture, Japan
Asia/Tokyo timezone

Transverse Single Spin Asymmetry of Forward Neutrons at PHENIX

21 Oct 2021, 09:34
Room 601 (Kunibiki Messe)

Room 601

Kunibiki Messe

Parallel Session Presentation Transverse momentum structure (TMD) Transverse Momentum Structure (TMD)


Mriganka Mouli Mondal (CFNS, Stony Brook University)


Very forward neutron production cross sections in proton proton collisions are well described by a one pion exchange (OPE) mechanism. However, the simple OPE model alone was not able to explain the large transverse single spin asymmetry ($A_{N}$) that was discovered at RHIC in polarized proton proton collisions. An interference between the spin-flip pion exchange and non-flip $a_1$-Reggeon exchange could create asymmetries, and such a model reasonably describes the measurements.
More interestingly, recent PHENIX measurements in p+A collisions at 200 GeV show surprisingly strong nuclear dependence of $A_{N}$, resulting from the interplay of different neutron production mechanisms. To understand the mechanisms in detail explicit transverse momentum $p_{_{T}}$ and longitudinal momentum fraction $x_F$ dependent analyses are performed. In addition, correlation analysis with other detector activity provides additional information on how different interactions contribute to the asymmetry.
For a large phase space coverage in $x_F$ and $p_{_{T}}$ it is also essential to make the measurements over a wide range of center of mass energy of collisions. PHENIX has taken polarized proton proton collision data at $\sqrt{s}$ = 62, 200, 500 and 510 GeV.
At PHENIX the Zero degree calorimeter (ZDC) is used for neutron detection in conjunction with the Beam Beam Counter (BBC) for tagging various event topologies. We will show results for explicit $p_{_{T}}$ and $x_F$ dependence of $A_{N}$ at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV in $p\uparrow+ p$, $p\uparrow+Al$ and $p\uparrow+Au$ collisions. We will also show the current status of the center of mass energy dependence analysis for $p\uparrow+ p$ collisions.

Primary author

Mriganka Mouli Mondal (CFNS, Stony Brook University)

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